In the past few weeks, a new strain of self-propagating ransomware dubbed BadRabbit emerged via infected media and government websites, primarily located in Russia and the Ukraine. This strain of malware is being closely compared to WannaCry and NotPetya for how it’s infected and impacted organizations.
Fig. 1: Pop-up window for Adobe Flash Player Update
With ransomware continuing to dominate security news in 2017, organizations need to arm themselves with as much knowledge as they can to prevent falling victim to attacks.
Drop It Like It’s Hot
Once dropped onto the victim’s computer, BadRabbit encrypts the host’s files and presents a message with instructions on how to pay the ransom. This message is visually similar to the message associated with NotPetya.
Fig. 2: Encryption message
You Have to Pay to Play
As common with most ransomware attacks these days, BadRabbit requests payment in bitcoin, specifically 0.05 BTC or $285 USD. All the user has to do is get some bitcoin and visit the attacker’s “onion” website on the DarkNet to pay the ransom.
It’s Engineered to Spread Throughout Your Network
BadRabbit is not content with sticking to the original infected host. Instead, it leverages SMB communications to search for other hosts on the network. This means once the ransomware is on your network, it can spread to other devices.
Fig. 3: SMB Access
How Does Game of Thrones Fit In?
One of the more unique aspects of BadRabbit is that the malware contains at least three references to dragons from the Game of Thrones: Viserion, Drogan, and Rhaegal. The “product name” of the malware is GrayWorm, a character featured in the series. LookingGlass’ threat operations team isn’t reading too much into this aside from the attacker being a fan of the popular series Game of Thrones.
Fig. 4: Game of Thrones Reference
Avoiding the Rabbit Hole
Preventing your networks from becoming infected by ransomware starts with cyber safety awareness training for both employees and vendors. Organizations should also consider automated defenses that can identify and immediately block known bad before it enters your walls.
Some more general mitigation approaches you should take include:
- Disable pop-up windows in browsers.
- Update anti-virus signatures.
- Maintain regular back-ups of data.
Specific to Bad Rabbit, organizations should block the following domains and file hashes:
- File Hashes